Criminal law regarding minors in texas

He will help you and your child navigate the complex juvenile court system in Texas. When someone under the age of 17 is arrested, the process differs greatly from the adult criminal court process. Adults may be booked, held in jail, charged with a crime, and bond out of jail. Adults may be given the option of an attorney or go through the process of plea bargaining and trial very quickly.

Sealing Juvenile Criminal Records in Texas

However, juveniles who are arrested face a different process. They may be arrested and released to their parents unless charges involve serious or violent crimes, in which case they may be transported to a juvenile facility. Juveniles may then enter the juvenile court process, which involves many hearings prior to trial.

Most juvenile records are sealed so that adolescents who made mistakes are not punished as adults. However, juveniles who are convicted of sex crimes and other serious felonies, may be incarcerated into adulthood. At that point, they are transferred to the adult system and their records will be public.

If that happens, you are not alone. Attorney Ned Barnett will help you navigate the juvenile court system. He will focus on getting your child the help they need in order to get back to school and continue with life. With the help of an experienced Houston juvenile lawyer at The Law Offices of Ned Barnett, your child does not have to suffer after a legal mishap.

Texas Juvenile Court Process. The Juvenile Court Process When someone under the age of 17 is arrested, the process differs greatly from the adult criminal court process.

Sealing Juvenile Criminal Records in Texas

Referral to First Offender Program — Some juveniles may be released and have their cases referred to the appropriate agency to administer a first offender program. Programs differ, but many use community services, education, rehabilitation, and restitution to victims. If juveniles complete the program, allegations may be dropped and they may avoid court entirely. Detention Hearing — The first hearing in the juvenile court process is a detention hearing, which must happen within one business day of juveniles being detained.

At the hearing, a judge or magistrate will determine whether it is safe to release juveniles to their parents or guardians, or if they should be held longer. The court does not look at the merits of the charges. If juveniles are detained, there must be a new detention hearing every 10 business days.

Its misdemeanors and felonies can steeply scale up in monetary fines and imprisonment lengths.

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Texas also leads the nation as having executed the most prisoners in history. Texas has the highest number of death penalty executions of any state in the United States. There have been more than executions in Texas since the death penalty was reinstated in , at a current rate of more than 10 executions per year since Despite these high rates, the number of new death sentences handed down per year has been in decline since around Capital punishment is usually reserved for felonies involving murder like of an on-duty police officer or firefighter, a hired assassination for both the murderer and the employer , multiple homicides, etc.

Note that in Texas, capital felonies don't always result in a death penalty. Life imprisonment without parole for criminals aged 18 years and older is another and less costly option. Criminal cases in Texas are generally categorized as felonies or misdemeanors, depending on their nature and the maximum punishment. Texas, like each state in America, is free to draft its own new criminal laws.

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But state laws do have to be constitutional. Many state laws around the country have been deemed unconstitutional by federal courts and the U. Supreme Court.

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Most state criminal laws divide felonies into different classes with varying degrees of punishment. Minor offenses like traffic violations and public nuisance are often called infractions.

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Texas has relatively strict DWI laws. Many people think "drunk driving" when they hear DWI, but someone who is high or on prescription medication can be charged with DWI. Any impairment can result in charges if a driver in impaired behind the wheel. The legal limit for drivers in Texas is. Anyone facing criminal charges in Texas has the right to mount a vigorous defense. An experienced criminal defense attorney is a crucial advocate for anyone charged with a crime.

These attorneys are very familiar with local criminal procedures and laws — some may have even first worked as prosecutors. Most criminal defense lawyers should be able to handle any misdemeanor or low-level crime.

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But not all lawyers are qualified to handle serious charges. Some courts don't allow inexperienced attorneys to represent defendants facing capital punishment. Contact a Texas criminal defense lawyer to help guide you through the justice system. It could mean the difference between going to jail and going free.

This article is intended to be helpful and informative. But even common legal matters can become complex and stressful.